The TIP sample consisted of 288 children (150 males and 138 females) between the ages of 1 and 15 years. There were 240 mothers, 180 fathers and 61 other caregivers (mostly grandparents or other relatives).
The TIP sample is ethnically diverse:
- 33% of the children and 45% of the parents were white.
- 21% of the children and 23% of the parents were African American.
- 37% of the children and 19% of the parents were considered multiethnic.
The remaining parents and children were primarily Asian American, Hispanic, and Native American.
65% of parents and caregivers had at least a high school degree. The medium family income in 2002 was $33,000. Finally, 28% of families received benefits from TANF or food stamps.